Competitive markets benefit producers and consumers. If agricultural markets are competitive, it improves the well-being of American farmers and ranchers which is important to the U.S. rural economy in particular and to the national economy in general. Industrialization of the agricultural sector and the consequent restructuring of the agri-food production-marketing chains has invariably impacted the competitiveness of the agricultural markets in terms of prices, output and welfare. However, there is no unanimous conclusion as to the nature of such impact and the issue of competition has remained (DOJ/USDA, 2010). Some of the key questions in this regard are - do agricultural producers (farmers and ranchers) get a fair deal in the market place Has the increased industrialization and restructuring hindered market access for small and medium-size farmers The overall goal of this project is to assess the competitiveness of agricultural product markets in the United States in general and the Northeast dairy sector in particular. Once completed, this project will enhance our understanding of the agricultural industrialization process, its impact on market competitiveness, and identification of policy issues and alternatives. Specific project objectives include the following: (i) to examine the incentives for and impact of vertical coordination in agricultural markets; (ii) to examine the scope and impact of buyer power (oligopsony) in agricultural markets; and (iii) to examine the presence and the impact of seller power (oligopoly) in agricultural markets. Fulfilling the project objectives should provide answers on how agricultural industrialization and consequent structural changes impact competition and whether such changes helped or hindered agricultural marketing. We will use secondary data from various sources, such as the U.S. Census Bureau's Economic Census, agricultural statistics collected by NASS/USDA, and the ERS.
|Effective start/end date||2/1/11 → 1/31/16|
- National Institute of Food and Agriculture (National Institute of Food and Agriculture (NIFA))