Biological control refers to applied efforts to manage pest problems through importation, conservation or augmentation of natural enemies. Non-native plants and insects introduced into North America generally come without the natural enemies that keep them in check in their native habitats. Freed from these natural controls, these species often increase in numbers and distribution, adversely affecting the environment, the economy, and human health. Classical Biological Control, a deliberate process whereby these pests are reacquainted with their effective natural enemies, offers a potential for permanent control of these pests over widespread areas. There is no shortage of weed and arthropod pests in the northeast and New Jersey. Despite advances in pest management, including selective pesticides, use of behavior modifying chemicals, and introduction of resistant varieties and transgenic plants, arthropods and weeds continue their damage in our agricultural and natural systems. Biological control, used singly or in combination with other management options, should be the centerpiece of successful pest management programs. In recent years, researchers in the northeast have worked with many types of biological control agents including insects, mites, parasitoids, and pathogens in successfully managing key pests including gypsy moths, purple loosestrife, birch leafminer, mites on apples and vegetables, Lepidoptera on fruit, alfalfa weevil, Mexican bean beetle, whiteflies in greenhouses, etc. These successes have generally involved cooperative efforts by scientists from several states and agencies. This project ill be involved in work targeting three pests: brown marmorated stink bug, mile-a-minute-weed and emerald ash borer, and will participate in the education of stakeholders about biological control.
|Effective start/end date||12/19/13 → 9/30/18|
- National Institute of Food and Agriculture (National Institute of Food and Agriculture (NIFA))