Choline Transporter-Like Proteins And The Regulation Of Lipid Metabolism During Myelination

  • Maurel, Patrice, (PI)

Description

This proposal focuses on the function of Choline Transporter CTL1 in regulating myelination byoligodendrocytes (CNS) and Schwann cells (PNS). Choline is important in the biosynthesis of phosphatidylcholine, a major lipid in myelin. It is thedirect precursor of sphingomyelin, another major myelin lipid, It is also involved in the homeostaticregulation of important signaling components that have a direct implication on the initiation ofmyelination, the compaction of the myelin sheath and myelin maintenance. Necl4 is a cell adhesion molecule that is required for PNS myelination. Its knockdown in an animalmodel induces the formation of myelin abnormalities that are the hallmarks of Charcot-Marie-Toothneuropathologies. We recently found that Necl4 interacts with CTL1, and regulates choline transport,homeostasis, and downstream Choline-derivatives. It is unclear how myelinating glial cells regulate their metabolism at the onset of myelination torespond to the high demand in lipids needed for plasma membrane production, without disrupting othercell processes. The Necl4/CTL1 interaction suggests that CTL1 is an important component of theregulation. The overall goal of this proposal is to understand the regulation of choline transport in myelinatingcells, and the impact of its deregulation on myelin formation and maintenance.
StatusFinished
Effective start/end date9/1/168/31/18

Funding

  • National Institutes of Health (NIH)

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Myelin Sheath
Lipid Metabolism
Choline
Proteins
Lipids
Maintenance
Sphingomyelins
Schwann Cells
Cell Adhesion Molecules
Phosphatidylcholines
Neuroglia
choline transporter
Homeostasis
Cell Membrane