Project Details


The aim of this study is to describe illness representations and self-
perceptions of health in a sample of elderly African-Americans by
focusing on their views of disease prevention and health promotion
activities. Specific sub-goals include the following: a) To identify the
specific features of their representations of health and specific
diseases, the self and formal procedural strategies used to preserve
health as well as prevent and control disease, and the criteria for
evaluating outcomes of health promotive and preventive behavior as
represented by self and formal treatment procedures in an elderly,
African American sample. b) To determine how representations of health
and disease affect the selection of procedures for avoiding and
controlling disease; c) To determine how representations of health and
disease and procedures for avoiding and controlling disease affect
overall self assessments of health; d) To determine how specific beliefs
about the self, one's social network and culture, and beliefs about
medicine and medical institutions affect the representations of health
and disease.

Subjects will be selected from the baseline core sample on the basis
their self-reported health status and age. Subjects reporting
excellent/very good or poor health, and any subject over age 80 will also
be interviewed.

Results of the semi-structured interview will provide a basis for
designing two interventions: the first will be designed to encourage
participants to take flu inoculations, the second to encourage
participation in a dietary supplement trial.
Effective start/end date1/1/018/31/98


  • Medicine(all)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Social Sciences(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism