INTERFERON-ALPHA/BETA IN RESPIRATORY VIRUS PATHOGENESIS

Project Details

Description

Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is a major cause of lower respiratory infections in infants and the elderly. Bronchiolitis and pneumonia caused by RSV are the primary reasons for the hospitalization of infants under 6 months of age. The initial infection often occurs in the presence of maternal antibodies and reinfections occur throughout life. To date, efforts to develop a safe and effective vaccine have failed. Progress in RSV vaccine development has been hampered by the legacy of enhanced, even fatal, illness in vaccinated children during trials of a formalin- inactivated, alum-precipitated whole virus vaccine in the mid 1960s. The lack of a clear understanding of vaccine-augmented RSV disease still stands in the way of clinical trials of new vaccines in RSV naive infants. Our laboratory has demonstrated enhanced RSV and influenza disease in strains of knockout mice that are unable to respond to IFN-alpha/beta (IFN-alpha/beta Receptor-/-) or IFN-alpha/beta and IFN-gamma (Stat1-/- ). The pathology of primary virus infection in these mutant animals resembles that seen following RSV challenge of mice previously immunized with the formalin-inactivated whole virus vaccine (FI-RSV) with exacerbated, eosinophilic inflammation and a Th-2-like cytokine pattern. In this proposal we will test our hypothesis: that poor IFN- alpha/beta induction by RSV may help to explain the induction of Th-2 biased immunity by the FI-RSV vaccine preparation. The specific aims of this proposal are: 1) Characterization of exacerbated disease in response to RSV infection in Stat1-/- mice. 2) Analysis of T cell lines derived from RSV immune WT and mutant animals. 3) Alteration of RSV pathology by priming in the presence of IFN- alpha/beta. 4) Development of a vaccine strategy promoting strong induction of IFN- alpha/beta.
StatusFinished
Effective start/end date3/1/012/28/06

Funding

  • National Institutes of Health: $343,125.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $371,836.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $324,063.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $49,000.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $343,125.00

ASJC

  • Medicine(all)
  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)

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