PROJECT SUMMARY Current epilepsy therapies are inadequate: at least 30% of epilepsy patients suffer residual or medically- refractory seizures and/or comorbidities as well as significant side-effects from antiepileptic drugs. Some of these patients are treated successfully with a ketogenic diet (KD), a poorly understood and potentially underutilized metabolic therapy established in 1921. The consistent clinical success of the KD in suppressing seizures in refractory adult and pediatric epilepsies has been verified in multi-center, international and randomized prospective clinical studies. Clinical observations and recent translational work strongly suggest that a KD has antiepileptogenic and disease-modifying properties, and recent work indicates that metabolic therapy may benefit a greatly expanded spectrum of diseases including pain, autism, brain cancer, and Alzheimer?s disease. Nevertheless, therapeutic use of the KD has been limited largely to pediatric refractory epilepsy: there are virtually no data on using a metabolic therapy as a first-line therapy, and thus its true clinical efficacy and ability to prevent epileptogenesis is unknown. Understanding key mechanisms by which the clinical benefits of a KD are exerted is urgent and of the highest biomedical significance because it is anticipated that these mechanisms will lead to the rapid genesis of effective new metabolism-based therapeutics with disease-modifying capabilities for epilepsy. Here we test our OVERALL HYPOTHESIS that epigenetic changes in DNA methylation are mobilized during epileptogenesis and provide a therapeutic target for epilepsy prevention through diet-based metabolic therapy. In Aim 1 we will identify epigenetic epileptogenic mechanisms that are (i) common to etiologically different rodent models of temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) and (ii) laboratory independent ? thus fulfilling an unmet need in epilepsy research and establishing a high degree of scientific rigor among our team. In Aim 2 we will quantify antiepileptogenesis and test mechanisms mobilized by KD therapy, including increased adenosine as a key downstream antiepileptogenic mechanism. Finally, in Aim 3 we will validate whether candidate epigenetic changes are required for KD-based antiepileptogenic effects and thereby provide mechanistic evidence for a causal relationship among metabolic therapy, epigenetic alterations, and antiepileptogenesis. Our approach represents the first systematic and comprehensive mechanistic analysis of an understudied metabolic treatment that can stop ? and even permanently resolve ? seizures. The expected outcome is the identification and characterization of epigenetic mechanisms through which metabolic therapy interferes with the process of epileptogenesis. In particular we will determine whether the expected antiepileptogenic effects are specific to KD-therapy and dependent on identified epigenetic mechanisms. A thorough mechanistic understanding of the KD may reveal an entirely new class of therapies for epilepsy and its prevention.
|Effective start/end date||9/15/10 → 4/30/20|
- National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke: $424,007.00
- National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke: $580,796.00
- National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke: $553,731.00
- National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke: $409,207.00
- National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke: $422,803.00
- Clinical Neurology
- Molecular Biology
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