Late-Spiking Neurons, Dopamine, and Perirhinal Cortex

Project Details

Description

DESCRIPTION (Adapted from applicant?s abstract): Behavioral studies have
implicated the D2 dopamine receptor in the timing of seconds-range intervals.
Separate behavioral investigations have demonstrated that the perirhinal cortex
(PR) is important in tasks that require temporal information processing of
similar intervals. Recent cellular studies of PR further motivate the idea that
PR is involved in temporal aspects of information processing and these ideas
have been incorporated into circuit-level computational models. One relevant
fact about PR is the large proportion of late-spiking (LS) neurons. These cells
delay the onset of their spiking for several seconds relative to the onset of a
current clamp step or a train of synaptic inputs. This delay feature is an
essential part of the computational model of timing in PR. LS neurons are
particularly common in the cortical layers that contain substantial numbers of
D2 dopamine receptors. The preceding, taken together, is part of the basis of
my interest in exploring the roll of dopamine (DA) physiology in PR,
particularly with regard to LS neurons. The overarching idea is that DA alters
temporal aspects of information processing in PR by modifying the delay
properties of LS neurons through the D2 receptor. The specific hypotheses that
I plan to test evaluates the proposition that dopamine can modulate a
slowly-inactivating potassium current that is responsible for late-spiking. The
results will furnish a conductance mechanism for LS in PR and hopefully
elucidate the mechanism by which DA alters this conductance and thereby
modulates firing latency in LS neurons. The results should furnish insight into
the role of D2 receptors in PR, and as explained inside, are highly relevant to
public health.
StatusFinished
Effective start/end date6/1/016/30/03

Funding

  • National Institute of Mental Health: $11,044.00
  • National Institute of Mental Health: $35,010.00
  • National Institute of Mental Health: $36,916.00

ASJC

  • Computational Mathematics

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