Project Details

Description

DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The overall theme of this project is to test the hypothesis that life span extension, longevity and stress resistance are mediated by common mechanisms. Growing lines of evidence suggest that the longevity of a wide variety of organisms, from yeast to worms and flies to mammals, is regulated by defined molecular mechanisms, including Sir2, an NAD-dependent histone deacetylase, and the adenylyl cyclase-protein kinase A pathway. A major limitation to understanding the key regulatory mechanisms responsible for causing the adverse effects of aging, or conversely, those that extend longevity, is the lack of animal models which exhibit prolonged lifespan and which do not develop cardiomyopathy or osteoporosis or other end- points, which are normally observed with aging. The model, which is accepted best for increasing longevity from yeast to primates, is caloric restriction. Relatively few other models for longevity are available. In this connection, we have recently identified a novel, genetically engineered animal model, which lives longer than wild type animals and does not exhibit many of the cardiac and osteoporotic features of old age, i.e., mice with the adenylyl cyclase (AC) type 5 "knocked out" (ACS KO). It is our contention that examining mechanisms that are unique to the ACS KO model will provide important insight into the aging process and, potentially, mechanisms which might be utilized to reverse this process. Projects 1 and 2 examine these mechanisms in this mouse model. In addition, Project 3 has developed and will study other mouse models of aging and stress resistance, related to Sir2alpha. The central hypothesis in that project is that Sir2alpha mediates anti-aging as well as cell protective effects in the heart in vivo. These 3 projects are supported by 5 cores: Administration/Physiology; Animal Care; Genomics/Proteomics; Bioinformatics/Biostatistics; Pathology. This Program Project has major implications for public health. The disability associated with aging has a major impact on the public health and the U.S. economy. Finding molecular switches, such as the ones described in this project, could ameliorate disability with aging and would be a major step forward.
StatusFinished
Effective start/end date6/1/079/11/15

Funding

  • National Institutes of Health: $1,457,778.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $2,054,477.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $1,822,342.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $166,920.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $2,182,671.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $579,991.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $69,793.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $1,948,717.00

ASJC

  • Medicine(all)

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