Maltreated Children's Emotions and Self-Cognitions

Project Details

Description

DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Physically abused and neglected children are at risk for a variety of social and behavioral problems but the process by which maltreatment leads to individual differences in behavioral adjustment is not well understood. This continuation grant further examines a) children's self-conscious evaluative emotions and attributions as a function of the type and severity of maltreatment and b) age and sex differences in these psychological processes as they enter adolescence (ages 9-13). Our overall goal is to test a conceptual model of maltreatment, where entry into adolescence interacts with early maltreatment history to exacerbate children's emotional and behavioral problems. Preliminary evidence suggests that children's self-conscious evaluative emotions account for individual differences in children's adjustment. A sample of 139 children, including 69 maltreated and 70 controls, have been identified and followed between the ages of 4 and 8 years. Because differences in self-conscious evaluative emotions and behavioral problems are being observed as a function of maltreatment, and because self-conscious emotions partially mediate the effect of maltreatment in behavior problems from 4 to 8 years, the continuation grant will follow all children through age 13 in order to fully test our model. Maltreatment, including measures of continued negative parental interactions and use of physical punishment will be assessed. Children's emotional behavior and attributions on experimenter-controlled tasks will be obtained. In addition, mothers and children will be observed in other situations as they interact around the child's completing difficult tasks. The quality of maternal behavior will be quantified and combined with other measures of maltreatment. The project is relevant to public health because it will provide information important in identifying and assessing those maltreated children at greatest risk and will assist in targeting intervention efforts toward changing children's poor emotion-attribution styles and those parenting patterns that promote maladaptive behavior.
StatusFinished
Effective start/end date9/30/991/31/12

Funding

  • National Institute of Mental Health: $323,745.00
  • National Institute of Mental Health: $335,787.00
  • National Institute of Mental Health: $271,430.00
  • National Institute of Mental Health: $70,039.00
  • National Institute of Mental Health: $302,071.00
  • National Institute of Mental Health: $289,137.00
  • National Institute of Mental Health: $278,982.00
  • National Institute of Mental Health: $374,143.00
  • National Institute of Mental Health: $289,701.00
  • National Institute of Mental Health
  • National Institute of Mental Health: $265,532.00

ASJC

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Social Sciences(all)
  • Psychology(all)
  • Law
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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