MODERATE DRINKING AND CORONARY HEART DISEASE MORTALITY

Project Details

Description

The objective of the proposed research is to investigate the relationship
between moderate drinking and coronary heart disease (CHD) mortality. A
large number of autopsy, ecologic, case-control, and cohort studies have
reported a U shaped relationship between moderate drinking and CHD
mortality, with alcoholic beverage consumption in the one to four drinks
per day range being associated with lower rates of mortality than lower and
higher rates of consumption. If this relationship is causal and runs from
moderate drinking to improved coronary health, an added level of complexity
may characterize the formulation of alcoholic beverage excise tax policy.
The data sets proposed for the research are the National Health and
Nutrition Examination Survey, 1971-74, and the National Health and
Nutrition Examination Follow-up Survey, 1982-84. Specific questions
addressed in the research include: Is the statistical association between
moderate drinking and CHD mortality explained by a correlation with
confounding variables such as income, education, diet, or lifestyle that
actually underlie the relationship but have not been controlled for in
previous studies? Does the statistical association between moderate
drinking and CHD mortality hold up across different socioeconomic, age, and
sex groups? Does the direction of causality in the moderate drinking-CHD
relationship run form moderate drinking to improved CHD health or from good
health to moderate drinking?
StatusFinished
Effective start/end date7/1/9012/31/91

Funding

  • National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism
  • National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism

ASJC

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Epidemiology

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