Horses are the number one livestock species in the state of New Jersey and they rate 4th in economic importance of all agricultural commodities in the state. from racing competition to trail rides. Competitive equine athletes sometimes require treatment by owners and veterinarians for a variety of sports medicine related conditions. Unfortunately, some of those practices and agents can compromise an animal's eligibility to compete under the regulations of various state agencies. The data and information generated in studies associated with Objective 1 will allow researchers, veterinarians, and horse owners to provide better care for their horses. Another area of major concern is the growing list of herbal supplements with questionable efficacy for treating a wide variety of medical problems. Many of those products, while classified as natural, still have potent pharmacologic effects. The data and information generated in studies associated with Objective 2 will enhance the ability of researchers, veterinarians, and horse owners to provide for the well being of their horses Over 15 percent of the horses in the USA are over the age of 20 and many of those horses are still active. More data are needed to aid in the management of those animals to insure proper care in their senior years. Data generated in studies associated with this third objective will be used to better understand the basic physiological changes associated with aging with a focus on the role exercise can play as a countermeasure to the decline in function associated with aging.GENERAL METHODS: A series of acute and chronic exercise physiology studies will be performed. EXPECTED OUTCOMES: Objective 1: The information on the effects of therapeutic drugs will be presented in lay and scientific forums and published in various formats including fact sheets and journal articles. The information generated by the PI and his collaborators has been used in the past to shape policy targeted at insuring the integrity of equine sport. It is expected that the applied studies proposed by the PI will continue to shape policy and aid in the care of the equine athlete. Objective 2: The use of supplements costs horse owners billions of dollars. Those products are used despite a lack of sound scientific information on their safety and efficacy. The studies proposed by the PI will continue to generate information to guide horse owners and veterinarians. Objective 3: There are many physiological similarities between horses and humans including the effects of aging and the ability of exercise to reverse many of the deleterious effects of aging that contribute to a decline in the quality of life. The information on how exercise can benefit the older horse will be presented in lay and scientific forums and published in various formats including fact sheets and journal articles.
|Effective start/end date||5/1/13 → 4/30/18|
- National Institute of Food and Agriculture (National Institute of Food and Agriculture (NIFA))