Project Details


The proposed research will investigate how preschool children use their
knowledge of familiar events or scripts in planning. A model of how script
knowledge is used in increasingly more complex and flexible planning is
proposed and tested in three studies of planning in children from 3 to 5
years. The central idea behind the model is that scripts provide children
with mental representations of goal-directed sequences of activities thy
can use to anticipate and plan events long before they are capable of the
kinds of cognitive and executive strategies studied in the problem solving
literature on planning Study 1 investigates the range of children's planning as displayed in an
experiment task: Children will be asked to plan and execute shopping trips
for 2 events either consecutively or simultaneously. Study 2 will
investigate children's planning in a real-world event with varying levels
of familiarity. Study 3 is an interview study of children's verbal scripts
and plans for a variety of familiar events. These studies will delineate the relationship between children's script
knowledge and their early planning skills. The model of development which
will result from this research can be used in theory development as well as
in the development of instructional techniques for promoting children's
planning skills.
Effective start/end date6/1/895/31/92


  • National Institutes of Health: $61,163.00
  • National Institutes of Health


  • Medicine(all)

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