Project Details


The purpose of the proposed study is to evaluate the effectiveness of
personal and social coping skills training in preventing substance abuse in
high risk adolescents. In addition, the effectiveness of generalization
programming in the adolescent's natural social environment through the
school, the family, and the media will be explored.

Six hundred students who have been identified as at risk for substance
abuse 60 secondary schools in two metropolitan areas will participate in
the study. The metropolitan areas will be assigned to one of the following

(1) Media-PSAs aimed at cueing utilization of coping skills, or

(2) No-media.

Thirty schools within each city will be randomly assigned to one of the
three following conditions:

(1) School intervention--student coping skills training and school staff
training aimed at facilitating cueing and reinforcing of coping skills in
the school environment;

(2) School intervention plus Parent Training aimed at facilitating cueing
and reinforcing coping skills in the family environment; or

(3) Placebo control.

Outcome will be evaluated through pre-training, post-training, and one-year
follow-up assessment on cognitive measures, self-report of substance use
measures, physiological measures, attitudinal measures, self-report
personality measures, performance mastery measures, behavior ratings of
parents and teachers, and school records of behavior and academic
performance. Process evaluation will be carried out through measures of
student acquisition of coping skills, PSA effectiveness and target
population penetration, and parent and school staff knowledge acquisition.
Effective start/end date12/31/891/1/90


  • National Institute on Drug Abuse
  • National Institute on Drug Abuse
  • National Institute on Drug Abuse


  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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