Most newly synthesized lysosomal enzymes contain a transient carbohydrate modification, mannose 6-phosphate (Man-6-P), which signals their vesicular transport from the Golgi to the lysosome via Man-6-P receptors (MPRs). We have examined Man-6-P glycoproteins in human urine by using a purified soluble fragment of the soluble cation-independent MPR (sCI-MPR) as a preparative and analytical affinity reagent. In a survey of urine samples from seven healthy subjects, the pattern of Man-6-P glycoproteins detected with iodinated sCI-MPR as a probe in a blotting assay was essentially identical in each, regardless of sex or age. Two bands of approx. 100 and 110 kDa were particularly prominent. Man-6-P glycoproteins in human urine were purified by affinity chromatography on immobilized sCI-MPR. Seven distinct bands revealed by SDS/PAGE and Coomassie Blue staining were subjected to N-terminal sequence analysis. The prominent 100 and 110 kDa Man-6-P glycoproteins were identified as N-acetylglucosamine-6-sulphatase and α-glucosidase respectively. This identification was confirmed by molecular mass determinations on the two major bands after deglycosylation. Sequence analysis revealed arylsulphatase A and several previously unidentified proteins as minor species. Man-6-P glycoproteins were also purified on an analytical scale to determine the proportion of a number of lysosomal enzyme activities represented by the mannose-6-phosphorylated forms. The lysosomal enzymes in urine containing the highest proportion of mannose-6-phosphorylated form were β-mannosidase (82%), hexosaminidase (27%) and α-glucosidase (24%). The profiles of Man-6-P glycoproteins detected by blotting in urine and plasma were not similar, suggesting that the urinary species are not derived from the bloodstream.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology