Neural stem/progenitor cells (NSCs) have the capacity for self-renewal and differentiation into major classes of central nervous system cell types, such as neurons, astrocytes, and oligodendrocytes. The determination of fate of NSCs appears to be regulated by both intrinsic and extrinsic factors. Mounting evidence has shown that extracellular matrix molecules contribute to NSC proliferation and differentiation as extrinsic factors. Here we explore the effects of the epidermal growth factor-like (EGFL) and fibronectin type III homologous domains 6-8 (FN6-8) of the extracellular matrix molecule tenascin-R on NSC proliferation and differentiation. Our results show that domain FN6-8 inhibited NSC proliferation and promoted NSCs differentiation into astrocytes and less into oligodendrocytes or neurons. The EGFL domain did not affect NSC proliferation, but promoted NSC differentiation into neurons and reduced NSC differentiation into astrocytes and oligodendrocytes. Treatment of NSCs with β 1 integrin function-blocking antibody resulted in attenuation of inhibition of the effect of FN6-8 on NSC proliferation. The influence of EGFL or FN6-8 on NSCs differentiation was inhibited by β 1 integrin antibody application, implicating β 1 integrin in proliferation and differentiation induced by EGFL and FN6-8 mediated triggering of NSCs.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology