2.2 Continuous quality improvement

Madeleine Rohlin, Rob M.H. Schaub, Peter Holbrook, Edvitar Leibur, Gérard Lévy, Lenka Roubalikova, Maria Nilner, Valerie Roger-Leroi, Gunter Danner, Haluk Iseri, Cecile Feldman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Continuous quality improvement (CQI) can be envisaged as a circular process of goal-setting, followed by external and internal evaluations resulting in improvements that can serve as goals for a next cycle. The need for CQI is apparent, because of public accountability, maintaining European standards and the improvement ofdentaleducation.Many examples areknownwhere recommendations fromboth external and internal evaluation are used for theimprovement ofdentaleducation.Unfortunately, theimplementation of the recommendations is inconsistent, rarely systematic and usually not transparent. This section agreed that it is essential to apply CQI in a structured, systematic and transparent way if we are to improve and maintain the quality of dental education. A model is proposed which includes three aspects: a) the process of CQI; b) the subjects to which CQI should be applied; and c) the management tools to govern CQI. It is stressed, that CQI is a process that can be applied in any dental school irrespective of curriculum or educational approach within the relevant context of the country or the region. The approach needs to recognize the complexity and the need to balance a quality improvement with accountability. A CQI system is also constrained in any organization by the attitudes and values of the staff. Inevitably there has to be a wide range in the application of CQI. Nevertheless, an agreed model on CQI might enhance convergence towards higher standards of dental education. The process of CQI can be supported by developments in information and communication technology (ICT): collection of data, identifying the steps in CQI, formats of reports, etc. The section was set, as one of its tasks, to advise on the development of a network based on a number of case studies on the application of CQI in dental education.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)67-77
Number of pages11
JournalEuropean Journal of Dental Education
Issue numberSUPP.3
StatePublished - 2002

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Education
  • Dentistry(all)


  • Quality assessment
  • Quality assurance
  • Quality audit
  • Quality evaluation
  • Quality improvement


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