25-hydroxyvitamin D and Vitamin D binding protein levels in patients with primary hyperparathyroidism before and after parathyroidectomy

Xiangbing Wang, Zhifeng Sheng, Lingqiong Meng, Chi Su, Stanley Trooskin, Sue A. Shapses

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Objective: To evaluate vitamin D binding protein and free 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] levels in healthy controls compared to primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) patients, and to examine PHPT before and after surgery. Methods: Seventy-five PHPT patients and 75 healthy age, gender, and body mass index (BMI) -matched control subjects were examined. In addition, 25 PHPT patients underwent parathyroidectomy and had a 3-month follow up visit. Levels of total and free 25(OH)D, DBP, and intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH) were determined before and 3 months after surgery. Results: There was no significant difference in age and BMI between PHPT patients and controls. Levels of 25(OH)D and DBP were lower in PHPT patients compared to controls (p < 0.01). There was no significant difference in calculated free and bioavailable 25(OH)D levels between PHPT patients and controls. Calcium and iPTH levels decreased to normal but DBP and DBP-bound-25(OH)D increased (P < 0.001) after parathyroidectomy. Levels of DBP were inversely correlated with iPTH (r = −0.406, P < 0.001) and calcium levels (r = −0.423, P < 0.001). Conclusion: Serum DBP levels were lower in patients with PHPT and parathyroidectomy restored DBP levels. We suggest that lower DBP levels is one of contributing mechanisms of low total 25(OH)D in PTHP patients and the total 25(OH)D levels might not reflect true vitamin D status in PHPT patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number171
JournalFrontiers in Endocrinology
Issue numberMAR
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism


  • Calcium metabolism
  • Hyperparathyroidism
  • Parathyroid hormone
  • Parathyroidectomy
  • Vitamin D binding protein
  • Vitamin D deficiency

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