Purpose: To review the anatomical and functional outcomes of eyes that underwent 360° retinectomy for a variety of indications and compare them with previously published results. Methods: Retrospective case series. We reviewed the data of 40 patients (41 eyes) who underwent pars plana vitrectomy and 360° retinectomy. The principal indication for surgery in this series was retinal detachment after penetrating trauma (26 of 41 eyes [63%]). Anatomical success was defined as complete retinal reattachment or attachment posterior to the scleral buckle, if present. Results: Thirty of the 41 eyes (73%) had follow-up of at least 6 months after 360° retinectomy, and of these, 11 eyes (37%) had recurrent retinal detachment. Seven of the latter eyes underwent repeat pars plana vitrectomy with anatomical success in 6 eyes (86%). Overall, anatomical success was achieved in 25 of 30 eyes (83%) with follow-up of ≥6 months after ≥1 operations (including 360° retinectomy). Visual results were limited with only 4 of 35 eyes (11%) in which visual acuity could be tested achieving ambulatory vision, which may reflect the preponderance of posttraumatic retinal detachments in this series. Conclusion: The anatomical results of this series are comparable with those in the reported literature and indicate that vitrectomy with 360° retinectomy can be beneficial in the management of complex retinal detachments in otherwise unsalvageable eyes.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- 360° retinectomy
- Pars plana vitrectomy
- retinal detachment