6-n-Propylthiouracil taster status not related to reported cruciferous vegetable intake among ethnically diverse children

Tom Baranowski, Janice C. Baranowski, Kathleen B. Watson, Russell Jago, Noemi Islam, Alicia Beltran, Shelby J. Martin, Nga Nguyen, Beverly J. Tepper

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Scopus citations

Abstract

Sensitivity to the taste of 6-n-propylthiouracil (PROP) (a bitter chemical related to the phenylthiocarbamide found in cruciferous vegetables) has been related to dietary intake or preferences of cruciferous vegetables among adults and young children but not middle-aged children or adolescents. We hypothesized that PROP taste sensitivity is related to lower reported dietary intake of cruciferous vegetables, primarily among younger children (ie, a moderating effect of child age). This study examined the relationship of PROP sensitivity to reported dietary intake across 3 days in 2 age groups of youth (9-10 and 17-18 years) while statistically controlling for physical activity, social desirability, and reporting bias. Cross-sectional design was used with a multiethnic (white, African American, Hispanic, etc) sample of 843 men and women. Children were recruited from and data were collected in local elementary and high schools that had at least 30% ethnic minority enrollment. Children providing nonplausible reports of dietary intake were deleted from the analyses. Body mass index was calculated and expressed in z scores. Energy intake and physical activity were measured by 3 telephone-conducted 24-hour dietary recalls with the Nutrient Data System for Research and 5 days of Actigraph (ActiGraph, Shalimar, Florida) activity monitor. The primary analyses included 347 students. 6-n-Propylthiouracil sensitivity was not related to intake of cruciferous vegetables. Intakes of the cruciferous vegetables were low, which may explain the lack of relationship.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)594-600
Number of pages7
JournalNutrition Research
Volume31
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2011

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Endocrinology
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

Keywords

  • 6-n-Propylthiouracil
  • Children
  • Dietary intake
  • Food groups
  • PROP
  • Taste sensitivity
  • Vegetables

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