Purpose: The New Jersey Cancer Education and Early Detection (NJCEED) program provides breast cancer screening to low income, uninsured, and underinsured women. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of the NJCEED program by considering stage at diagnosis for women enrolled in NJCEED compared to women diagnosed in the state of New Jersey who were not enrollees. Materials and Methods: The sample included 47,162 women diagnosed with breast cancer; of those, 1,364 women were NJCEED enrollees. Enrollees were significantly different from nonenrollees in age, race, ethnicity, education, and poverty level. Results: In the logistic regression, NJCEED enrollees had 88.3% higher odds of being diagnosed at a late stage compared with nonenrollees (odds ratio [OR]: 1.883, confidential interval [CI]: 1.678-2.109). African American women had 54.9% higher odds of being diagnosed at a later stage (OR: 1.549, CI: 1.457-1.646). The likelihood of a late stage diagnosis increased as poverty level increased. Conclusion: These results were consistent with other National Breast and Cervical Cancer Early Detection Program state evaluations, and with evaluations of the national program. Providing a free screening service is not in itself adequate to encourage screening in low-income uninsured women.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- breast cancer screening
- breast health
- public health