A Bandwidth Efficient Dual-Function Radar Communication System Based on a MIMO Radar Using OFDM Waveforms

Zhaoyi Xu, Athina Petropulu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


A novel dual-function radar communication (DFRC) system is proposed, that achieves high communication rate, and can flexibly trade-off rate for improved sensing performance. The proposed system is a monostatic multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) radar and transmits wideband, precoded, orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) waveforms from its antennas. The system subcarriers are divided into two groups, i.e., shared and private. On a shared subcarrier, all antennas can transmit simultaneously, while on a private one only one antenna can transmit at a time. The shared use of subcarriers by the transmit antennas results in coupling of transmitted symbols and radar target parameters in the target echoes. A novel, low complexity target estimation approach is proposed to overcome the coupling and recover the radar parameters. The proposed method first operates on all (shared and private) subcarriers to obtain coarse angle estimates, and then by fine-tunes those estimates based on the signal received on the private subcarriers. The resolution of the coarse angle estimates is limited by the aperture of the physical receive array, while the fine-tuning is enabled by effectively constructing a virtual array that has larger aperture than the receive array. The precoding matrix is optimally designed to optimize a weighted combination of the beampattern error with respect to a desired beampattern, and the signal-to-noise ratio at the communication receiver.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)401-416
Number of pages16
JournalIEEE Transactions on Signal Processing
StatePublished - 2023
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Signal Processing
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


  • DFRC system
  • MIMO radar
  • OFDM radar waveforms
  • subcarrier sharing


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