A comparison between round turbulent jets and particle-laden jets in crossflow by using time-resolved stereoscopic particle image velocimetry

F. J. Diez, M. M. Torregrosa, S. Pothos

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10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Time-resolved stereoscopic particle image velocimetry (TR-ST-PIV) measurements were performed to compare the velocity and vorticity field, and the three-dimensional high intensity vorticity structures between a round turbulent single-phase jet and a particle-laden jet in crossflow. The experiments involved steady fresh water jet sources with a particle mass loading of ∼2.0 injected into steady fresh water crossflows. The TR-ST-PIV system was combined with a phase discrimination method that separates two-phase stereo PIV images into dispersed phase images and continuous phase images that are analyzed by using particle tracking velocimetry and stereo-PIV algorithms, respectively. The analysis shows the importance of phase separation for accurate velocity results. It provides instantaneous velocity fields where the dispersed phase preferentially concentrated in regions of low vorticity with the velocity not matching the continuous phase. The jet and the particle-laden jets trajectories are compared to each other and with results in the literature. Similarly, a comparison of mean velocity and vorticity fields between both flows suggest enhanced mixing in the particle-laden jet due to the effects of the dispersed phased which lowered the centerline velocities and enhanced the penetration in the cross-stream direction of the continuous phase. The Taylor's frozen flow hypothesis is applied to reconstruct the 3D high intensity vorticity structures in a volume. The visualization of the three-dimensional structures corresponding to the intermediate scales of the flow shows slightly elongated structures preferentially aligned with the jet centerline axis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number091301
JournalJournal of Fluids Engineering, Transactions of the ASME
Volume133
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 21 2011

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Velocity measurement
Vorticity
Phase separation
Water
Visualization
Trajectories
Experiments

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Mechanical Engineering

Keywords

  • jets in crossflow
  • particle-laden flow
  • time resolved PIV measurements
  • vorticity structures

Cite this

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abstract = "Time-resolved stereoscopic particle image velocimetry (TR-ST-PIV) measurements were performed to compare the velocity and vorticity field, and the three-dimensional high intensity vorticity structures between a round turbulent single-phase jet and a particle-laden jet in crossflow. The experiments involved steady fresh water jet sources with a particle mass loading of ∼2.0 injected into steady fresh water crossflows. The TR-ST-PIV system was combined with a phase discrimination method that separates two-phase stereo PIV images into dispersed phase images and continuous phase images that are analyzed by using particle tracking velocimetry and stereo-PIV algorithms, respectively. The analysis shows the importance of phase separation for accurate velocity results. It provides instantaneous velocity fields where the dispersed phase preferentially concentrated in regions of low vorticity with the velocity not matching the continuous phase. The jet and the particle-laden jets trajectories are compared to each other and with results in the literature. Similarly, a comparison of mean velocity and vorticity fields between both flows suggest enhanced mixing in the particle-laden jet due to the effects of the dispersed phased which lowered the centerline velocities and enhanced the penetration in the cross-stream direction of the continuous phase. The Taylor's frozen flow hypothesis is applied to reconstruct the 3D high intensity vorticity structures in a volume. The visualization of the three-dimensional structures corresponding to the intermediate scales of the flow shows slightly elongated structures preferentially aligned with the jet centerline axis.",
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