Objectives. We recently suggested that increased intramural pressure may often explain pain and/or bleeding. Hysterectomies for bleeding tend to have outward bulges and endometrial vascular ectasia, while hysterectomies for pain tend to have deflection of pressure inward by subserosal ridges, which promote inner myometrial elastosis (IME). Study design. We analyzed causes of increased intramural pressure in 58 hysterectomies for pain and/or bleeding, excluding clinically fibroid uteri and prolapsed uteri. Postfixation photographs were used to avoid missing grossly obvious myometrial hyperplasia (MMH). Results. The most common cause of increased intramural pressure was grossly obvious MMH in 40/58 cases (69%). Other causes included clinically occult myomas (3 cases), adenomyosis (6 cases), and multifactorial causes (7 cases). Hysterectomies for bleeding weighed more than hysterectomies for pain (P =.035). Hysterectomies for pain had more IME than hysterectomies for bleeding (P =.029). Conclusions. When subserosal ridges deflect pressure inward, bulky MMH may cause pelvic pain and IME, but when they do not, bulkier MMH in heavier uteri may lead to both outward bulges and abnormal bleeding from endometrial vascular ectasia.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine
- abnormal uterine bleeding
- pelvic pain