This study presents comparisons of Colorado State University's prognostic mesoscale Regional Atmospheric Modeling System (RAMS 4.3) results with observational data obtained from aircraft, wind profiler, lidar, tethered balloon and RASS during the Northeast Oxidant and Particle Study (NE-OPS) field program at Philadelphia, PA during a summer episode in 1999. Model simulations were performed for the 15-20 July 1999 period. The comparison of model-predicted temperatures with aircraft and tethered balloon data revealed that the mean relative error exhibited the same general trend in time for temperature noted by earlier investigators. The comparisons of model relative humidity with aircraft and tethered balloon indicate that the mean relative error varied from -13% to -21%. The mean relative error for water vapor mixing ratio with respect to lidar data exhibited a negative bias consistent with humidity bias corresponding to aircraft and tethered balloon. The largest root mean square (rms) errors obtained from 36 km resolution RAMS results and the regular upper air rawinsonde stations are associated with the relative humidity values. The smallest rms errors for any variable are all associated with the lower atmosphere while the largest rms errors are associated with the upper/mid-tropospheric region. The difficulty in correctly predicting upper level humidity is due to lack of consistency in the upper level moisture observations while the lower rms errors of relative humidity close to surface are due to increased availability of moisture data at surface. The results of the present study, by utilizing a variety of diverse observational platforms, broadly confirm the general traits of RAMS performance noted by earlier investigators.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Environmental Science(all)
- Atmospheric Science
- Tethered balloon