A COMPUTATIONAL MODULAR APPROACH TO EVALUATE NOx EMISSIONS AND OZONE PRODUCTION DUE TO VEHICULAR TRAFFIC

Caterina Balzotti, Maya Briani, Barbara De Filippo, Benedetto Piccoli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The societal impact of traffic is a long-standing and complex problem. We focus on the estimation of ground-level ozone production due to vehicular traffic. We propose a comprehensive computational approach combining four consecutive modules: a traffic simulation module, an emission module, a module for the main chemical reactions leading to ozone production, and a module for the diffusion of gases in the atmosphere. The traffic module is based on a second-order traffic flow model, obtained by choosing a special velocity function for the Collapsed Generalized Aw-Rascle-Zhang model. A general emission module is taken from literature, and tuned on NGSIM data together with the traffic module. Last two modules are based on reaction-diffusion partial differential equations. The system of partial differential equations describing the main chemical reactions of nitrogen oxides presents a source term given by the general emission module applied to the output of the traffic module. We use the proposed approach to analyze the ozone impact of various traffic scenarios and describe the effect of traffic light timing. The numerical tests show the negative effect of vehicles restarts on emissions, and the consequent increase in pollutants in the air, suggesting to increase the length of the green phase of traffic lights.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3455-3486
Number of pages32
JournalDiscrete and Continuous Dynamical Systems - Series B
Volume27
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Discrete Mathematics and Combinatorics
  • Applied Mathematics

Keywords

  • emissions
  • groundlevel ozone production
  • Road traffic modeling
  • second-order traffic models

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