A cross-sectional description of social capital in an international sample of persons living with HIV/AIDS (PLWH)

Allison Webel, J. Craig Phillips, Carol Dawson Rose, William L. Holzemer, Wei Ti Chen, Lynda Tyer-Viola, Marta Rivero-Méndez, Patrice Nicholas, Kathleen Nokes, Jeanne Kemppainen, Elizabeth Sefcik, John Brion, Lucille Eller, Scholastika Iipinge, Kenn Kirksey, Dean Wantland, Puangtip Chaiphibalsarisdi, Mallory O. Johnson, Carmen Portillo, Inge B. CorlessJoachim Voss, Robert A. Salata

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

36 Scopus citations


Background: Social capital refers to the resources linked to having a strong social network. This concept plays into health outcomes among People Living with HIV/AIDS because, globally, this is a highly marginalized population. Case studies show that modifying social capital can lead to improvements in HIV transmission and management; however, there remains a lack of description or definition of social capital in international settings. The purpose of our paper was to describe the degree of social capital in an international sample of adults living with HIV/AIDS. Methods. We recruited PLWH at 16 sites from five countries including Canada, China, Namibia, Thailand, and the United States. Participants (n = 1,963) completed a cross-sectional survey and data were collected between August, 2009 and December, 2010. Data analyses included descriptive statistics, factor analysis, and correlational analysis. Results: Participant's mean age was 45.2 years, most (69%) identified as male, African American/Black (39.9%), and unemployed (69.5%). Total mean social capital was 2.68 points, a higher than average total social capital score. Moderate correlations were observed between self-reported physical (r = 0.25) and psychological condition (r = 0.36), social support (r = 0.31), and total social capital. No relationships between mental health factors, including substance use, and social capital were detected. Conclusions: This is the first report to describe levels of total social capital in an international sample of PLWH and to describe its relationship to self-reported health in this population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number188
JournalBMC public health
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2012

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


  • Global health
  • Social capital
  • Social science

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