A dynamic manifestation approach for providing universal access to digital library objects

Nabil R. Adam, Vijayalakshmi Atluri, Igg Adiwijaya, Sujata Banerjee, Richard Holowczak

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Scopus citations


Digital libraries are concerned with the creation and management of information sources, the movement of information across global networks, and the effective use of this information by a wide range of users. A digital library is a vast collection of objects that are of multimedia nature, e.g., text, video, images, and audio. Users wishing to access the digital library objects may possess varying capabilities, preferences, domain expertise, and may use different information appliances. Facilitating access to complex multimedia digital library objects that suits the users' requirements is known as universal access. In this paper, we present an object manifestation approach in which digital library objects automatically manifest themselves to cater to the users' capabilities and characteristics. We provide a formal framework, based on Petri nets, to represent the various components of the digital library objects, their modality and fidelity, and the playback synchronization relationships among them. We develop methodologies for object delivery without any deadtime under network delays.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)705-716
Number of pages12
JournalIEEE Transactions on Knowledge and Data Engineering
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jul 1 2001


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Information Systems
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Computational Theory and Mathematics


  • Digital libraries
  • Multimedia
  • Petri nets
  • Universal access

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