A finite element analysis of frequency-temperature relations of AT-cut quartz crystal resonators with higher-order Mindlin plate theory

J. Wang, J. D. Yu, Y. K. Yong, T. Imai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

40 Scopus citations

Abstract

The frequency-temperature characteristics of quartz crystal resonators, particularly the frequency stability in a specific temperature range in which the vibration modes are strongly coupled, has been an important requirement in most applications. The analytical work on frequency-temperature relations has been done over the last decades in many aspects, ranging from the fundamental theory for the thermal effect on vibrations of elastic solids to simplified plate equations of a few strongly coupled vibration modes. However, it has been clearly observed that due to complications of the resonator structures such as the presence of a mounting structure and electrodes, simple and analytical solutions will not be able to consider all the factors which will have inevitable and noticeable effects. In this paper, we incorporate the frequency-temperature theory for crystal plates based on the incremental thermal field formulation by Lee and Yong into our finite element analysis implementation, which is then used to analyze the free vibrations of crystal plates with the higher-order Mindlin plate theory. The effect of electrodes on the frequency-temperature relation is also considered. The computational results are compared with experimental ones from actual products. The satisfactory agreement demonstrates the precise prediction of the frequency-temperature behavior and practical applications of the finite element analysis in product modeling and development.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)117-130
Number of pages14
JournalActa Mechanica
Volume199
Issue number1-4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2008

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Computational Mechanics
  • Mechanical Engineering

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