The Sin3-Rpd3 histone deacetylase complex, conserved between human and yeast, represses transcription when targeted by promoter-specific transcription factors. SIN3 and RPD3 also affect transcriptional silencing at the HM mating loci and at telomeres in yeast. Interestingly, however, deletion of the SIN3 and RPD3 genes enhances silencing, implying that the Sin3-Rpd3 complex functions to counteract, rather than to establish or maintain, silencing. Here we demonstrate that Sin3, Rpd3, and Sap30, a novel component of the Sin3-Rpd3 complex, affect silencing not only at the HMR and telomeric loci, but also at the rDNA locus. The effects on silencing at all three loci are dependent upon the histone deacetylase activity of Rpd3. Enhanced silencing associated with sin3Δ, rpd3Δ, and sap30Δ is differentially dependent upon Sir2 and Sir4 at the telomeric and rDNA loci and is also dependent upon the ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme Rad6 (Ubc2). We also show that the Cac3 subunit of the CAF-I chromatin assembly factor and Sin3-Rpd3 exert antagonistic effects on silencing. Strikingly, deletion of GCN5, which encodes a histone acetyltransferase, enhances silencing in a manner similar to deletion of RPD3. A model that integrates the effects of rpd3Δ, gcn5Δ, and cac3Δ on silencing is proposed.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||12|
|State||Published - Jul 1999|
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