### Abstract

In the group Steiner problem we are given an edge-weighted graph G=(V,E,w) and m subsets of vertices {gi}i=1m. Each subset gi is called a group and the vertices in ∪igi are called terminals. It is required to find a minimum weight tree that contains at least one terminal from every group. We present a poly-logarithmic ratio approximation for this problem when the input graph is a tree. Our algorithm is a recursive greedy algorithm adapted from the greedy algorithm for the directed Steiner tree problem [Approximating the weight of shallow Steiner trees, Discrete Appl. Math. 93 (1999) 265-285, Approximation algorithms for directed Steiner problems, J. Algorithms 33 (1999) 73-91]. This is in contrast to earlier algorithms that are based on rounding a linear programming based relaxation for the problem [A polylogarithmic approximation algorithm for the Group Steiner tree problem, J. Algorithms 37 (2000) 66-84, preliminary version in Proceedings of SODA, 1998 pp. 253-259, On directed Steiner trees, Proceedings of SODA, 2002, pp. 59-63]. We answer in positive a question posed in [A polylogarithmic approximation algorithm for the Group Steiner tree problem, J. Algorithms 37 (2000) 66-84, preliminary version in Proceedings of SODA, 1998 pp. 253-259] on whether there exist good approximation algorithms for the group Steiner problem that are not based on rounding linear programs. For every fixed constant ε>0, our algorithm gives an O((log∑i|gi|)1+ε·logm) approximation in polynomial time. Approximation algorithms for trees can be extended to arbitrary undirected graphs by probabilistically approximating the graph by a tree. This results in an additional multiplicative factor of O(log|V|) in the approximation ratio, where |V| is the number of vertices in the graph. The approximation ratio of our algorithm on trees is slightly worse than the ratio of O(log(maxi|gi|) ·logm) provided by the LP based approaches.

Original language | English (US) |
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Pages (from-to) | 15-34 |

Number of pages | 20 |

Journal | Discrete Applied Mathematics |

Volume | 154 |

Issue number | 1 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - Jan 1 2006 |

### All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

- Discrete Mathematics and Combinatorics
- Applied Mathematics

### Keywords

- Approximation algorithm
- Combinatorial
- Greedy
- Group Steiner problem
- Tree

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## Cite this

*Discrete Applied Mathematics*,

*154*(1), 15-34. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dam.2005.07.010