A historical perspective on expiratory muscle aids and their impact on home care

John Robert Bach, Shannon Emma Barrow, Miguel Goncalves

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

Mechanically assisted coughing is the combination of mechanical insufflation-exsufflation to the airways in conjunction with an exsufflation-timed abdominal thrust. It has permitted in-home long-term survival of respirator-dependent users of continuous noninvasive intermittent positive pressure ventilatory support in the United States since shortly after it became available in 1952. By contrast, the first European patients to benefit from continuous noninvasive intermittent positive pressure ventilatory support were not described until institutionalized continuous noninvasive intermittent positive pressure ventilatory support users with Duchenne muscular dystrophy were described in Belgium in 2006, 2 yrs after mechanically assisted coughing was approved for sale by the European Union. Domiciliary management with continuous noninvasive intermittent positive pressure ventilatory support and mechanically assisted coughing has subsequently been described in Europe. This work describes the historical development of mechanically assisted coughing in the framework of aiding the respiratory muscles to prevent respiratory failure and avoid invasive airway intubation. Some current mechanical in-exsufflators include oscillation as a surrogate for physiologic mucociliary transport along with their assisted coughing function. Noninvasive management prolongs life while promoting cost containment and preserving quality-of-life for patients with respiratory muscle impairment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)930-941
Number of pages12
JournalAmerican Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Volume92
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2013

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Rehabilitation

Keywords

  • Home Care
  • Mechanical Insufflation-Exsufflation
  • Neuromuscular Disease
  • Noninvasive Mechanical Ventilation

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