A Measurement Framework for Explicit and Implicit Urban Traffic Sensing

Zhou Qin, Zhihan Fang, Yunhuai Liu, Chang Tan, Desheng Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Urban traffic sensing has been investigated extensively by different real-time sensing approaches due to important applications such as navigation and emergency services. Basically, the existing traffic sensing approaches can be classified into two categories by sensing natures, i.e., explicit and implicit sensing. In this article, we design a measurement framework called EXIMIUS for a large-scale data-driven study to investigate the strengths and weaknesses of two sensing approaches by using two particular systems for traffic sensing as concrete examples. In our investigation, we utilize TB-level data from two systems: (i) GPS data from five thousand vehicles, (ii) signaling data from three million cellphone users, from the Chinese city Hefei. Our study adopts a widely used concept called crowdedness level to rigorously explore the impacts of contexts on traffic conditions including population density, region functions, road categories, rush hours, holidays, weather, and so on, based on various context data. We quantify the strengths and weaknesses of these two sensing approaches in different scenarios and then we explore the possibility of unifying two sensing approaches for better performance by using a truth discovery-based data fusion scheme. Our results provide a few valuable insights for urban sensing based on explicit and implicit data from transportation and telecommunication domains.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number3461840
JournalACM Transactions on Sensor Networks
Issue number4
StatePublished - Aug 10 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Computer Networks and Communications


  • Cellular networks
  • measurement
  • truth discovery
  • vehicular networks


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