A multicenter international registry of redo per-oral endoscopic myotomy (POEM) after failed POEM

Amy Tyberg, Stefan Seewald, Reem Z. Sharaiha, Guadalupe Martinez, Amit P. Desai, Nikhil A. Kumta, Arnon Lambroza, Amrita Sethi, Kevin M. Reavis, Ketisha DeRoche, Monica Gaidhane, Michael Talbot, Payal Saxena, Felipe Zamarripa, Maximilien Barret, Nicholas Eleftheriadis, Valerio Balassone, Haruhiro Inoue, Michel Kahaleh

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34 Scopus citations


Background and Aims Per-oral endoscopic myotomy (POEM) has become an accepted treatment for patients with achalasia. Despite its excellent efficacy rate of greater than 80%, a small percentage of patients remain symptomatic after the procedure. Limited data exist as to the best management for recurrence of symptoms after POEM. We present the first international, multicenter experience on the efficacy and safety of a repeat POEM in the management of achalasia. Methods Patients who underwent a redo POEM from 15 centers in 9 countries were included in a dedicated registry. Technical success was defined as successful completion of a second myotomy. Clinical success was defined as an Eckardt score of less than or equal to 3 after the second myotomy. Adverse events including anesthesia-related, operative, and postoperative adverse events were recorded. Results Forty-six patients were included in the study. The average age was 49.3 ± 16.78 years. Twenty (45%) patients were male. The mean pre-redo-POEM Eckardt score was 4.3 ± 2.48. Technical success was achieved in 46 (100%) patients. Clinical success was achieved in 41 patients (85%). The average post-POEM Eckardt score was 1.64 ± 1.67, with a significant difference of 2.58 (P <.00001). Eight patients (17%) had adverse events consisting of procedural bleeding, all managed endoscopically. There were no deaths. No POEMs were aborted or required surgical conversion or assistance. Discussion For patients with persistent symptoms after POEM, repeat POEM appears to be an efficacious and safe technique. Further randomized trials comparing redo POEM versus Heller should be considered. (Clinical trial registration number: NCT02162589.)

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1208-1211
Number of pages4
JournalGastrointestinal Endoscopy
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 2017
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Gastroenterology

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