A new technique to isolate kinematically anomalous gas in H i data cubes

N. Randriamiarinarivo, E. C. Elson, A. J. Baker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


H i line observations of nearby galaxies often reveal the presence of extraplanar and/or kinematically anomalous gas that deviates from the general circular flow. In this work, we study the dependence of kinematically anomalous H i gas in galaxies taken from the simba cosmological simulation on galaxy properties such as H i mass fraction, specific star formation rate, and local environmental density. To identify kinematically anomalous gas, we use a simple yet effective decomposition method to separate it from regularly rotating gas in the galactic disc; this method is well-suited for application to observational data sets but has been validated here using the simulation. We find that at fixed atomic gas mass fraction, the anomalous gas fraction increases with the specific star formation rate. We also find that the anomalous gas fraction does not have a significant dependence on a galaxy's environment. Our decomposition method has the potential to yield useful insights from future H i surveys.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5942-5952
Number of pages11
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Issue number4
StatePublished - Feb 1 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


  • galaxies: ISM
  • galaxies: interactions
  • galaxies: kinematics and dynamics


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