The increasing awareness of the need to create green and sustainable production processes in all fields of chemistry has stimulated materials scientists to search for innovative catalysts supports. These new catalytic supports should allow the heterogenization of most catalytic processes, increasing the efficiency and selectivity of the synthesis and reducing waste and byproducts. Following the development of several micellar templated structures, such as M41S1, FSM-16,2,3 HMS,4,5 MSU-x,6 and SBA-x,7,8 it is a crucial next step to create support materials, consisting of a composite matrix with combined micro- and mesoporosities and a sufficient stability to withstand most industrial treatments. We describe in this paper the very first development of a hexagonal material with large pore diameters and thick walls (4 nm), containing internal microporous silica nanocapsules. These plugged hexagonal templated silicas (PHTS) have two types of micropores (originating from the walls and the nanocapsules respectively) and a tunable amount of both open and encapsulated mesopores. The micropore volumes have a high value (up to 0.3 cm3/g) and the total pore volume exceeds 1 cm3/g. The obtained materials are much more stable than the conventional micellar templated structures known so far, and can easily withstand severe hydrothermal treatments and mechanical pressures.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Materials Chemistry