Acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) is associated with a t(15; 17) translocation that creates the promyelocyte-retinoic acid receptor α (PML-RARα) fusion gene. Immunohistochemistry demonstrates that PML is a part of a novel macromolecular organelle (including at least three other nuclear proteins) referred to as PML oncogenic domains (PODs). In APL cells, the POD is disrupted into a microparticulate pattern as a consequence of the expression of the PML-RAR oncoprotein. RA treatment of APL cells triggers a reorganization of PML to generate normal-appearing PODs. We propose that PML-RAR is a dominant negative oncoprotein that exerts its putative leukomogenic effect by inhibiting assembly of the POD. According to this proposal, not only is the POD a novel structure, but it can be ascribed an imputed function such that its disruption leads to altered myeloid maturation; this may represent a novel oncogenic target.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)