To determine the types of mutations induced by oxidative damage, a kidney cell line with a heterozygous deficiency for the autosomal Aprt (adenine phosphoribosyltransferase) gene was tested for its mutagenic response to hydrogen peroxide. Aprt-deficient cells were selected and scored for loss of heterozygosity (LOH) for 11 microsatellite loci on mouse chromosome 8. On the basis of the LOH analysis, spontaneous mutants (n = 38) were distributed into four classes: apparent point mutation, mitotic recombination, chromosome loss, and large interstitial deletion. However, 9 of 20 (45%) hydrogen peroxide-induced mutants exhibited a novel class of mutations characterized by 'discontinuous LOH' for one or more of the microsatellite loci. Interestingly, mutations resembling discontinuous LOH are commonly observed in a wide variety of human cancers. Our data suggest that discontinuous LOH is a signature mutational pattern for oxidative damage and further suggest that such genetic damage is widespread in cancer.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||3|
|State||Published - Apr 15 1999|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cancer Research