A numerical analysis on nanofluid mixed convection in triangular cross-sectioned ducts heated by a uniform heat flux

Oronzio Manca, Sergio Nardini, Daniele Ricci, Salvatore Tamburrino, Yogesh Jaluria

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3 Scopus citations

Abstract

In this paper, results obtained by the numerical investigation on laminar mixed convection in triangular ducts, filled with nanofluids, are presented in order to evaluate the fluid dynamic and thermal features of the considered geometry by considering Al2O3/water based nanofluids. The system is heated by a constant and uniform heat flux also along the perimeter of the triangular duct section in H2 mode as thermal boundary condition and the single-phase model has been assigned for a Reynolds number value equal to 100. Results are given for different nanoparticle volume concentrations and Richardson number values ranging from 0% to 5% and from 0 to 5, respectively. Results, presented for the fully developed regime flow, show the enhancement of average convective heat transfer coefficients values for increasing values of Richardson number and particle fractions. However, wall shear stress and required pumping power profiles increase as expected. The PEC analysis showed that the use of nanofluids in mixed convection seems slightly convenient. It should be underlined that, at the moment, experimental data are not available to compare the numerical proposed model for mixed convection in horizontal triangular ducts with nanofluids.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number292973
JournalAdvances in Mechanical Engineering
Volume7
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Mechanical Engineering

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