Purpose: A phase I study was conducted to evaluate the pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, safety, and tolerability of R1507 - a fully human IgG1 type monoclonal antibody directed against the human insulin-like growth factor-I receptor. Experimental design: Patients with advanced solid tumors were assigned to receive i.v. R1507 weekly (qW), starting with 1 mg/kg. Subsequent cohorts were dosed at 3 and then 9 mg/kg. An additional 12 patients received 9 mg/kg R1507 qW. Patients remained on the study until the development of a dose-limiting toxicity or progressive disease. Results: In total, 37 patients were treated with R1507 qW. No dose-limiting toxicities were identified and the maximum tolerated dose was not reached. The pharmacokinetics of R1507 were characterized by a slow clearance and limited volume of distribution, with an estimated elimination half-life justifying weekly administration. Serum IGF-I ligand levels increased proportionally to dose during the first 72 hours in all cohorts. R1507 was well tolerated. Two patients diagnosed with Ewing's sarcoma had partial responses of 11.5 and >26 months (ongoing at time of submission); 13 patients had stable disease; and 16 had progressive disease as best response by the Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors. Conclusion: R1507 is well tolerated and shows antitumor activity in patients with solid neoplasms, in particular Ewing's sarcoma. The recommended dose for the weekly schedule is 9 mg/kg qW.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cancer Research