Purpose: Given the evidence that coordinate inhibition of AKT induces autophagy, we studied the combination of the AKT inhibitor, MK-2206 with hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) in patients with advanced solid tumors. Methods: Patients were treated with weekly MK-2206 (135 mg or 200 mg) plus HCQ (200 mg, 400 mg or 600 mg BID). Results: Thirty-five patients were enrolled across 5 dose levels. Two DLTs of grade 3 maculo-papular rash were observed at dose level 2 (MK-2206 200 mg weekly plus HCQ at 400 mg BID) and 1 DLT of grade 3 fatigue at dose level 2B (MK-2206 135 mg weekly plus HCQ 600 mg BID). The maximum tolerated dose (MTD) was declared as dose level 2B. The most common adverse events attributed to MK-2206 were hyperglycemia (N = 18; 51%), fatigue (N = 17; 49%), maculo-papular rash (N = 16; 46%), diarrhea (N = 12; 34%), anorexia (N = 11; 31%), and nausea (N = 11; 31%). Patients experiencing adverse events attributed to HCQ were small in number (N = 13) and primarily included fatigue (N = 5; 14%) and maculo-papular rashes (N = 3; 9%). Statistically significant effects on the pharmacokinetic properties of MK-2206 were observed in combination with HCQ. In addition, the plasma concentrations of HCQ in the combination with MK-2206 were significantly higher than the plasma levels of HCQ as monotherapy in prior studies. The best overall response of stable disease was observed in 5/34 (15%) patients. Conclusion: The combination of MK-2206 and hydroxychloroquine was tolerable, but with substantial number of drug-related AEs and minimal evidence of antitumor activity.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cancer Research
- Pharmacology (medical)
- Phase I