Our recent anatomic experiments reveal major innervation of the nucleus locus coeruleus (LC) from the nucleus paragigantocellularis (PGi), located in the rostral ventrolateral medulla. In the present studies, low intensity, single pulse electrical stimulation of the PGi synaptically activated most LC neurons examined (69%), while a smaller percentage of LC cells (20%) exhibited pure inhibitory responses. Pharmacologic experiments suggest that the excitatory response may be mediated by an amino acid transmitter.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electrical stimulation
- Locus coeruleus
- Unit recording
- Ventrolateral medulla