A preliminary investigation of the predictors of tanning dependence

Carolyn J. Heckman, Brian L. Egleston, Diane B. Wilson, Karen S. Ingersoll

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

71 Scopus citations


Objectives: To investigate possible predictors of tanning dependence including demographic variables, exposure and protective behaviors, and other health-related behaviors. Methods: This study consisted of an online survey of 400 students and other volunteers from a university community. Results: Twenty-seven percent of the sample was classified as tanning dependent. Tanning dependence was predicted by ethnicity and skin type, indoor and outdoor tanning and burning, and lower skin protective behaviors, as well as smoking and body mass index. Conclusions: Young adults are at risk for tanning dependence, which can be predicted by specific demographic and behavioral variables.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)451-464
Number of pages14
JournalAmerican Journal of Health Behavior
Issue number5
StatePublished - 2008
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Health(social science)
  • Social Psychology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


  • Addiction
  • Skin cancer prevention
  • Tanning


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