A Proactive Workflow Model for Healthcare Operation and Management

Chuanren Liu, Hui Xiong, Spiros Papadimitriou, Yong Ge, Keli Xiao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


Advances in real-time location systems have enabled us to collect massive amounts of fine-grained semantically rich location traces, which provide unparalleled opportunities for understanding human activities and generating useful knowledge. This, in turn, delivers intelligence for real-time decision making in various fields, such as workflow management. Indeed, it is a new paradigm to model workflows through knowledge discovery in location traces. To that end, in this paper, we provide a focused study of workflow modeling by integrated analysis of indoor location traces in the hospital environment. In particular, we develop a workflow modeling framework that automatically constructs the workflow states and estimates the parameters describing the workflow transition patterns. More specifically, we propose effective and efficient regularizations for modeling the indoor location traces as stochastic processes. First, to improve the interpretability of the workflow states, we use the geography relationship between the indoor rooms to define a prior of the workflow state distribution. This prior encourages each workflow state to be a contiguous region in the building. Second, to further improve the modeling performance, we show how to use the correlation between related types of medical devices to reinforce the parameter estimation for multiple workflow models. In comparison with our preliminary work [11] , we not only develop an integrated workflow modeling framework applicable to general indoor environments, but also improve the modeling accuracy significantly. We reduce the average log-loss by up to 11 percent.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number7752974
Pages (from-to)586-598
Number of pages13
JournalIEEE Transactions on Knowledge and Data Engineering
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 1 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Information Systems
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Computational Theory and Mathematics


  • Healthcare operation and management
  • Indoor location traces
  • workflow modeling


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