A profile of turkish export cut-flower growers

Burhan Ozkan, Robin G. Brumfield, Osman Karaguzel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Turkish cut-flower exports grew from about $100,000 in 1985 to $11 million in 1995 (not adjusted for inflation). Since this is a growing industry in Turkey, we wanted to examine the production structure and main problems of export-oriented contract growers. We surveyed 33 cutflower export growers and 30 contract growers between May and July 1997. We conducted the survey in the Antalya province, which is the center of the export-oriented cut-flower production in Turkey. The results indicate that cut-flower companies were not highly mechanized, but did use computerized accounting systems. Transportation of cut flowers to foreign markets was the largest expense item in the cut-flower industry. Despite a high rate of unemployment, cut-flower companies face difficulties in obtaining and keeping qualified employees. Managers tended not to use specific performance indicators such as sales per employee or sales per square foot relevant to the cut-flower industry. The most common method for arranging cut-flower export sales was personal contact with the importers. Contracts between firms which grew and exported flowers and smaller contract growers were common, but some problems existed concerning quality and financial obligations. Growers are using fewer commission contracts and are instead opting to sell on a fixed-price basis. The main concerns raised by managers were related to increased competition, price-cutting, transportation expenses for export, training, and labor supply.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)368-374
Number of pages7
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2003

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Horticulture


  • Consignment
  • Contract-growing
  • Economics
  • Glasshouse
  • Greenhouse
  • Management
  • Production structure
  • Transportation
  • Wholesale

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