A ring-opening mechanism for DNA binding in the central channel of the T7 helicase-primase protein

Peter Ahnert, Kristen Moore Picha, Smita S. Patel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

65 Scopus citations

Abstract

We have investigated the mechanism of binding single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) into the central channel of the ring-shaped T7 gp4A' helicase-primase hexamer. Presteady-state kinetic studies show a facilitated five-step mechanism and provide understanding of how a ring-shaped helicase can be loaded on the DNA during the initiation of replication. The effect of a primase recognition sequence on the observed kinetics suggests that binding to the helicase DNA-binding site is facilitated by transient binding to the primase DNA-binding site, which is proposed to be a loading site. The proposed model involves the fast initial binding of the DNA to the primase site on the outside of the helicase ring, a fast conformational change, a ring-opening step, migration of the DNA into the central channel of the helicase ring, and ring closure. Although an intermediate protein-DNA complex is kinetically stable, only the last species in the five-step mechanism is poised to function as a helicase at the unwinding junction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3418-3427
Number of pages10
JournalEMBO Journal
Volume19
Issue number13
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 3 2000

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Molecular Biology
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)

Keywords

  • DNA unwinding
  • Fluorescence stopped-flow
  • Kinetics
  • Motor protein
  • Protein-DNA interactions

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