A role of GABAA receptors in hypoxia-induced conduction failure of neonatal rat spinal dorsal column axons

Mark Lee, Kaoru Sakatani, Wise Young

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

GABA (γ-aminobutytric acid) depresses axonal conduction in neonatal dorsal columns. GABA released by injured spinal neurons may diffuse to white matter and contribute to secondary axonal damage. We studied the effe cts of hypoxia and GABAA receptor blockade on dorsal column conduction in vitro. The experiments compared the effects of hypoxia on longitudinally hemisected spinal cords and isolated neonatal dorsal columns. Before hypoxia, electrical stimulation elicited robust conducted compound action potentials in both isolated dorsal columns and hemicords. The tissues were superfused for 120 min with a hypoxic Ringer's 3olution saturated with 95% N2 and 5% CO2, followed by oxygenated Ringer's solution for 90 min. Isolated dorsal columns were remarkably insensitive to hypoxia. Response amplitudes fell by only 11 ± 7% (n = 5) during hypoxia. In hemicords, however, hypoxia reduced response amplitudes by 56 ± 16% (n = 5, mean ± S.E.M.) and re-oxygenation did not restore response amplitude. We applied bicucullin (110-5 M) to block GABAA receptors in the hemicords during hypoxia. Response amplitudes in bicucullin-treated hemicords fell by only 3±9% (n = 5) during hypoxia but declined 3 ± 5% durign re-oxygenation. These results suggest that endogenous GABA released from gray matter contributes to hypoxia-induced dorsal-column conduction failure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)14-19
Number of pages6
JournalBrain research
Volume601
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 22 1993

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Molecular Biology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Developmental Biology

Keywords

  • Action potential
  • Anoxia
  • Bicuculline
  • Ischemia
  • Myelin
  • Neurotransmitter
  • Receptor
  • Spinal cord injury
  • γ-Aminobutryric acid

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'A role of GABA<sub>A</sub> receptors in hypoxia-induced conduction failure of neonatal rat spinal dorsal column axons'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this