A signal model for forensic DNA mixtures

Ullrich J. Mönich, Catherine Grgicak, Viveck Cadambe, Jason Yonglin Wu, Genevieve Wellner, Ken Duffy, Muriel Medard

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

For forensic purposes, short tandem repeat allele signals are used as DNA fingerprints. The interpretation of signals measured from samples has traditionally been conducted by applying thresholding. More quantitative approaches have recently been developed, but not for the purposes of identifying an appropriate signal model. By analyzing data from 643 single person samples, we develop such a signal model. Three standard classes of two-parameter distributions, one symmetric (normal) and two right-skewed (gamma and log-normal), were investigated for their ability to adequately describe the data. Our analysis suggests that additive noise is well modeled via the log-normal distribution class and that variability in peak heights is well described by the gamma distribution class. This is a crucial step towards the development of principled techniques for mixed sample signal deconvolution.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationConference Record of the 48th Asilomar Conference on Signals, Systems and Computers
EditorsMichael B. Matthews
PublisherIEEE Computer Society
Pages429-433
Number of pages5
ISBN (Electronic)9781479982974
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 24 2015
Event48th Asilomar Conference on Signals, Systems and Computers, ACSSC 2015 - Pacific Grove, United States
Duration: Nov 2 2014Nov 5 2014

Publication series

NameConference Record - Asilomar Conference on Signals, Systems and Computers
Volume2015-April
ISSN (Print)1058-6393

Other

Other48th Asilomar Conference on Signals, Systems and Computers, ACSSC 2015
CountryUnited States
CityPacific Grove
Period11/2/1411/5/14

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Signal Processing
  • Computer Networks and Communications

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  • Cite this

    Mönich, U. J., Grgicak, C., Cadambe, V., Wu, J. Y., Wellner, G., Duffy, K., & Medard, M. (2015). A signal model for forensic DNA mixtures. In M. B. Matthews (Ed.), Conference Record of the 48th Asilomar Conference on Signals, Systems and Computers (pp. 429-433). [7094478] (Conference Record - Asilomar Conference on Signals, Systems and Computers; Vol. 2015-April). IEEE Computer Society. https://doi.org/10.1109/ACSSC.2014.7094478