A spontaneous mutation in DNA polymerase POL3 during in vitro passaging causes a hypermutator phenotype in Cryptococcus species

Kylie J. Boyce, Chengjun Cao, Chaoyang Xue, Alexander Idnurm

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Passaging of microbes in vitro can lead to the selection of microevolved derivatives with differing properties to their original parent strains. One well characterised instance is the phenotypic differences observed between the series of strains derived from the type strain of the human pathogenic fungus Cryptococcus neoformans. A second case was reported in the close relative Cryptococcus deneoformans, in which a well-studied isolate ATCC 24067 (52D) altered its phenotypic characteristics after in vitro passaging in different laboratories. One of these derivatives, ATCC 24067A, has decreased virulence and also exhibits a hypermutator phenotype, in which the mutation rate is increased compared to wild type. In this study, the molecular basis behind the changes in the lineage of ATCC 24067 was determined by next-generation sequencing of the parent and passaged strain genomes. This analysis resulted in the identification of a point mutation that causes a D270G amino acid substitution within the exonuclease proofreading domain of the DNA polymerase delta subunit encoded by POL3. Complementation with POL3 confirmed that this mutation is responsible for the hypermutator phenotype of this strain. Regeneration of the mutation in C. neoformans, to eliminate the additional mutations present in the ATCC 24067A genetic background, demonstrated that the hypermutator phenotype of the pol3D270G mutant causes rapid microevolution in vitro but does not result in decreased virulence. These findings indicate that mutator strains can emerge in these pathogenic fungi without conferring a fitness cost, but the subsequent rapid accumulation of mutations can be deleterious.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number102751
JournalDNA Repair
Volume86
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2020

Fingerprint

Cryptococcus
DNA-Directed DNA Polymerase
Cryptococcus neoformans
Phenotype
Mutation
Virulence
Fungi
DNA Polymerase III
Exonucleases
Mutation Rate
Amino Acid Substitution
Point Mutation
Regeneration
Derivatives
Genome
Costs and Cost Analysis
Substitution reactions
Genes
In Vitro Techniques
Amino Acids

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

Keywords

  • Cryptococcus
  • DNA polymerase
  • Exonuclease
  • Hypermutator
  • Microevolution
  • Mismatch repair

Cite this

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abstract = "Passaging of microbes in vitro can lead to the selection of microevolved derivatives with differing properties to their original parent strains. One well characterised instance is the phenotypic differences observed between the series of strains derived from the type strain of the human pathogenic fungus Cryptococcus neoformans. A second case was reported in the close relative Cryptococcus deneoformans, in which a well-studied isolate ATCC 24067 (52D) altered its phenotypic characteristics after in vitro passaging in different laboratories. One of these derivatives, ATCC 24067A, has decreased virulence and also exhibits a hypermutator phenotype, in which the mutation rate is increased compared to wild type. In this study, the molecular basis behind the changes in the lineage of ATCC 24067 was determined by next-generation sequencing of the parent and passaged strain genomes. This analysis resulted in the identification of a point mutation that causes a D270G amino acid substitution within the exonuclease proofreading domain of the DNA polymerase delta subunit encoded by POL3. Complementation with POL3 confirmed that this mutation is responsible for the hypermutator phenotype of this strain. Regeneration of the mutation in C. neoformans, to eliminate the additional mutations present in the ATCC 24067A genetic background, demonstrated that the hypermutator phenotype of the pol3D270G mutant causes rapid microevolution in vitro but does not result in decreased virulence. These findings indicate that mutator strains can emerge in these pathogenic fungi without conferring a fitness cost, but the subsequent rapid accumulation of mutations can be deleterious.",
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A spontaneous mutation in DNA polymerase POL3 during in vitro passaging causes a hypermutator phenotype in Cryptococcus species. / Boyce, Kylie J.; Cao, Chengjun; Xue, Chaoyang; Idnurm, Alexander.

In: DNA Repair, Vol. 86, 102751, 02.2020.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - A spontaneous mutation in DNA polymerase POL3 during in vitro passaging causes a hypermutator phenotype in Cryptococcus species

AU - Boyce, Kylie J.

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AU - Xue, Chaoyang

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AB - Passaging of microbes in vitro can lead to the selection of microevolved derivatives with differing properties to their original parent strains. One well characterised instance is the phenotypic differences observed between the series of strains derived from the type strain of the human pathogenic fungus Cryptococcus neoformans. A second case was reported in the close relative Cryptococcus deneoformans, in which a well-studied isolate ATCC 24067 (52D) altered its phenotypic characteristics after in vitro passaging in different laboratories. One of these derivatives, ATCC 24067A, has decreased virulence and also exhibits a hypermutator phenotype, in which the mutation rate is increased compared to wild type. In this study, the molecular basis behind the changes in the lineage of ATCC 24067 was determined by next-generation sequencing of the parent and passaged strain genomes. This analysis resulted in the identification of a point mutation that causes a D270G amino acid substitution within the exonuclease proofreading domain of the DNA polymerase delta subunit encoded by POL3. Complementation with POL3 confirmed that this mutation is responsible for the hypermutator phenotype of this strain. Regeneration of the mutation in C. neoformans, to eliminate the additional mutations present in the ATCC 24067A genetic background, demonstrated that the hypermutator phenotype of the pol3D270G mutant causes rapid microevolution in vitro but does not result in decreased virulence. These findings indicate that mutator strains can emerge in these pathogenic fungi without conferring a fitness cost, but the subsequent rapid accumulation of mutations can be deleterious.

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