Histidine protein kinases and response regulators form the basis of phosphotransfer signal transduction pathways. Commonly referred to as two-component systems, these modular and adaptable signaling schemes are prevalent in prokaryotes. Structures of the core domains of histidine kinases reveal a protein kinase fold different from that of the Ser/Thr/Tyr protein kinase family, but similar to that of other ATP binding domains. Recent structure determinations of phosphorylated response regulator domains indicate a conserved mechanism for the propagated conformational change that accompanies phosphorylation of an active site Asp residue. The altered molecular surface promotes specific protein-protein interactions that mediate the downstream response.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Structural Biology