A Third-Pass Genome Scan in Panic Disorder: Evidence for Multiple Susceptibility Loci

Abby J. Fyer, Steven P. Hamilton, Martina Durner, Fatemeh Haghighi, Gary A. Heiman, Ramiro Costa, Oleg Evgrafov, Philip Adams, Ada Baisre de Leon, Nilda Taveras, Donald F. Klein, Susan E. Hodge, Myrna M. Weissman, James A. Knowles

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

69 Scopus citations


Background: Panic disorder (PD) is a common illness with a definite but "complex" genetic contribution and estimated heritability of 30-46%. Methods: We report a genome scan in 120 multiplex PD pedigrees consisting of 1591 individuals of whom 992 were genotyped with 371 markers at an average spacing of 9cM. Parametric two-point, multipoint, and nonparametric analyses were performed using three PD models (Broad, Intermediate, Narrow) and allowing for homogeneity or heterogeneity. The two-point analyses were also performed allowing for independent male and female recombination fractions (θ). Genome-wide significance was empirically evaluated using simulations of this dataset. Results: Evidence for linkage reached genome-wide significance in one region on chromosome 15q (near GABA-A receptor subunit genes) and was suggestive at loci on 2p, 2q and 9p using an averaged θ. Analyses allowing for sex-specific θ's were consistent except that support at one locus on 2q increased to genome-wide significance and an additional region of suggestive linkage on 12q was identified. However, differences in male and female recombination fractions predicted by the sex-specific approach were not consistent with current physical maps. Conclusions: These data provide evidence for chromosomal regions on 15q and 2q that may be important in genetic susceptibility to panic disorder. Although we are encouraged by the findings of analyses using sex-specific recombination fractions, we also note that further understanding of this analytic strategy will be important.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)388-401
Number of pages14
JournalBiological Psychiatry
Issue number4
StatePublished - Aug 15 2006
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biological Psychiatry


  • Panic
  • anxiety genetics
  • complex disorder genetics
  • linkage


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